A 60-year-old farmer from village Dhingwali in Fazilka, Punjab, Surendra Pal Singh does natural farming of cereals, pulses, oilseeds and end result as nicely as indigenous cotton. He is processing his very own cotton, making natural garments appropriate for the pores and skin.
Today, many farmers of the country, knowledge the unwell results of chemical farming, are returning to natural and herbal farming. Especially, younger farmers are very tremendous approximately natural farming. Along with this, there has been loads of attention amongst human beings approximately wholesome eating. Now, human beings need to consume now no longer most effective nutritious meals however additionally for clothing, natural cotton the demand for garments is likewise increasing significantly. In the marketplace you’ll discover many such brands, which promote natural cotton garments. But these days we are introducing you to a farmer who now no longer simplest does natural farming, however is likewise making garments via natural methods.
A 60-yr-antique farmer from village Dhingwali in Fazilka, Punjab, Surendra Pal Singh has studied as much as elegance X and has inherited farming. He says, “People right here both domesticate us or serve withinside the Indian Army. I attempted to sign up for the army however couldn’t for a few causes. Therefore, I targeted on farming. Even nowadays, we stay in a joint own circle of relatives and we are all doing farming collectively in a natural way.
He explains, “Our own circle of relatives has a whole lot of land; therefore, we recall it our obligation to do farming in natural and herbal ways. When the earth gives us so much, we additionally have a few duties closer to it. I discovered from my father and grandfather that if we play with the land and nature, we can endanger our existence.
Therefore, he by no means insisted on chemical farming. If ever used chemical compounds, then in very small amounts. Since 1992, he has been doing absolutely natural and herbal farming. He has plantations of culmination like guava, tangerine and besides, he additionally cultivates wheat, millet, jowar, maize, sesame, pulses, and cotton. He additionally plant veggies and greens for his domestic thru natural methods. He says, “For nearly all of the desires of our own circle of relatives I rely handiest on farming. Our food and drinks turned into already based on our agriculture and now we commonly make garments from our personal natural cotton.”
Organic farming of cotton
Surendra cultivates natural cotton on his 4 acres of land. He says, “In the past, indigenous cotton became cultivated in North India and spinning, weaving, and fabric turned into made on charkhas and handlooms. But withinside the spin of modernity, now you may now no longer get even through searching for charkha. Now farmers who develop indigenous cotton also are not often seen. Most farmers plant its hybrid range BT Cotton. I even have in no way planted hybrid cotton in my fields. ” The fundamental purpose for that is their livestock. Cows and buffaloes are reared of their domestic and for this, in addition to inexperienced fodder, porridge, mustard cake and cottonseed are needed. After cotton harvesting, while it’s far harvested, it produces cotton and cotton. Farmers supply cotton to the fabric traders and cottonseed is used as fodder for cattle. But Surendra says that cottonseed made from hybrid cotton isn’t always top for the fitness of animals. Therefore, they usually cultivated indigenous cotton in natural ways. Surendra explains,
Cotton is sown in the month of May. A month earlier than this, we put together the sector for sowing. The floor on which cotton is to be planted is nicely plowed. After this, the sphere is left vacant for every week or two. By the way, because of the natural farming that has been happening for such a lot of years, the soil of our fields has end up very fertile however, we Before plowing, germs are sprayed withinside the field. If we’re by no means capable of provide germs initially, then after germination and earlier than sowing, germs are given in conjunction with irrigation of the sector.
In the land on which he plants life cotton, he cultivates a few plants combined with cotton, which act as ‘nitrogen fixation’ withinside the soil. Like they practice moong and moth lentils with cotton. For precise manufacturing it’s miles essential to have true polymerization. He added, “Pollination takes place with the assist of birds. Therefore, we’re in among cotton and pulses, millet or placed more than one tides of the tide. Because, birds are attracted through their plant life. Also, tur and marigold plant life are planted on the border of the fields. In this way, we perform nutrition, pollination and pest control in herbal ways. By farming in those ways, you do not want any chemical compounds.
Surendra has been doing natural farming for an extended time. He says, “The surroundings of our farm is now such that although a crop receives pests, we do not fear too much. Because, we recognize that nature will control it on its personal.” Cotton crop is chosen withinside the month of October. Surendra says that he receives approximately 3 to seven quintals of cotton constituted of one acre of land.
Making natural cotton garments yourself Surendra says that he’s related to ‘Kheti Virasat Mission’, an organization running for natural farming in Punjab. Together with those, he’s spreading focus some of the human beings approximately natural farming. Along with natural farming, Farming Heritage Mission is likewise trying to shop the conventional handicrafts arts of Punjab like Charkha, Phulkari etc. Mission occasions by taking part, Surendra discovered that cotton fabric is being made withinside the cotton enterprise the usage of chemical substances. Even though they’re reaching the natural cotton marketplace, however if chemical compounds are nevertheless getting used to make garments, then what’s the use?
Therefore, from the 12 months 2009, he determined that he might make garments via way of means of processing his personal cotton. He says, “It have become very hard to get charkha and handloom for processing cotton. Because as cotton cultivation in Punjab decreased, so did the spinning of yarn from charkha withinside the houses. Earlier there had been weavers in each village, who used to weave garments. But now you’ll locate this network someplace too.
I used my cotton for approximately 3 years Not bought withinside the marketplace. But, whilst no handloom changed into discovered, I spoke in a ‘energy loom’ and in 2013, began out making cotton cotton natural cotton garments from them. ” However, there have been many problems in making those garments however, they did now no longer deliver up. He adds, “More than a hundred meters of material is made in a single quintal of cotton and the quantity of cloth additionally relies upon on whether or not you’re making the cloth thick or thin. The ordinary farmer receives 5 to 6 thousand rupees from promoting one quintal withinside the cotton marketplace. At the identical time, we earn as much as 19 thousand rupees from the sale of one quintal cotton material.
” He continues to be making garments from the energy loom itself. But withinside the ultimate few years, the crew of KhetiVirasat Mission has additionally completed the paintings of saving the charkhas and handlooms withinside the villages of Punjab. Rupasi Garg, a member of the venture, states, “Our intention is to deliver lower back the misplaced history of Punjab. For the ultimate 15-sixteen years, that is our most effective purpose that each farmer right here have to do natural farming and therefore store the nearby arts and crafts. With ladies, we’re going for walks a software called ‘Trinjan’. Through which, we’re connecting ladies with matters like charkha, handloom, and carving. The cooperation of farmers like Surendra ji proved very useful on this paintings. is. Surendra ji’s enjoy enables us a lot. In the vicinity in which cotton cultivation turned into nearly over, he’s placing an instance via way of means of developing indigenous cotton. ”
In time to come, Surendra is running on a plan to offer his cotton to the ladies’s businesses being organized via way of means of the venture to make garments. He says that the cotton crop is a crop wherein humans may be given employment at each stage, from choosing to weaving. When cotton is picked in his field, he employs approximately 45 people at a time. Clothes are brought without delay to clients Whatever natural cotton garments Surendra makes, he’s handing over them at once to the clients. He says, “Over the years I even have had loads of clients. Grains, pulses and culmination etc. move from our fields right here. So, while we commenced making garments, we began out with those clients. We do now no longer supply all our garments in a single location, however clients keep shopping for garments from us all yr round.
In addition, additionally they get hold of orders to make quilt-mattresses. He makes quilt- bed shells with those garments, in which simplest natural cotton is filled. He says that humans are becoming pores and skin associated sicknesses through sporting garments made with the usage of chemical compounds or the use of them in different ways. Therefore, many clients purchase garments and quilt-mattresses product of natural cotton from them. His of Ludhiana SupriyaSadan, a customer, has despatched them to England through making them quilts and mattresses, now no longer most effective for herself however additionally for her daughter dwelling in England. Supriya had pores and skin issues because of quilts and mattresses fabricated from synthetic fabric. But, ever given that they’ve used a quilt-bed product of natural cotton, their problems are over. His daughter additionally had the identical problem. Therefore, they made matters through ordering for him as nicely. Another customer, Sunaina Walia, offered approximately 70 meters of material in 3-4 months. Sunaina, who owns a herbal cosmetics enterprise in Jalandhar, got here to realize approximately Surendra via the ‘KhetiVirasat Mission’.
She says, “I additionally offer ‘make-up remover’ to my clients. We use cotton to put off make-up and discard it, which isn’t appropriate for the surroundings. So, once I got here to recognize approximately Surendra ji’s natural garments, I sold some meters of material from him and made useable, remover pads from it. For all pores and skin types Are appropriate. For those, I even have acquired excellent comments from my clients as properly. So, now I am thinking about making greater special matters from their natural garments. Surendra says that a French fabric entrepreneur who sells cotton garments for children, his cotton garments began out inflicting pores and skin troubles to children. In this type of situation, he desired to recognize the cause for this, it turned into discovered that this is going on because of the usage of hybrid cotton and chemical substances. Therefore, he changed into concerned in searching on the fields of farmers developing natural cotton and related to farming To understand the nuances, India visited. Along with local cotton, Surendra Narma is likewise developing cotton. It is evidently colored khaki. He told, “Earlier Nerma cotton turned into cultivated right here, however now it’s miles located with exquisite trouble. I additionally confronted a lot of issue in attempting to find its seeds. When the look for seeds become over, I began out cultivating them at a very small level. However, we’re nevertheless in a role to supply seeds. But, while the entrepreneur from France saw this smooth cotton, He become shocked. Then, he stated that if the local cotton is jumbled together such colors, there may be no want to do chemical dye. We additionally liked his communicate and, therefore, we’re now seeking to develop plants that could additionally produce herbal dye.
Due to all its plants and processing, these days Surendra has an annual sales of millions. But, he says that now his precedence isn’t always simply to earn money, however he desires to enhance the same old of dwelling of the human beings. While running in the hobby of the surroundings, humans sense suitable Want to offer meals and garments.
He says, Agriculture isn’t a enterprise for us however it’s far our lifestyle. Almost all our desires are being met with the aid of using agriculture, so we do now no longer be counted what our annual profits is? We ourselves are dwelling nicely and using some hands, there’s no incomes larger than this.
If you need to touch Surendra Pal Singh, you could touch him on 9417763067.